What is genetic counselling?

Genetic counselling is the process of helping people understand and adapt to the medical, psychological and familial implications of a genetic condition.

Who should have genetic counselling?

  • Individuals interested in having genetic screening/testing, previously diagnosed with a genetic condition or with family history of cancer or inherited disorder
  • Women interested in prenatal genetic test, have fetal abnormality detected during pregnancy, exposed to potential teratogen during pregnancy, with more than three miscarriages or a history of still birth
  • Couples interested in expanded carrier testing before starting a family, keen to have newborn screening for their children, require assisted reproductive services or wish to find out their genetic risks if they are related to each other (consanguinity)

Who provides genetic counselling?

  • Genetic counsellors and clinical geneticists
  • Genetic counsellors are healthcare professionals trained in clinical genetics & psychosocial counselling
  • Clinical geneticists are doctors specialised in medical genetics

What happens during genetic counselling?

  • Risk assessment of a genetic condition based on family and medical history
  • Education on inheritance mode, genetic screening/testing. clinical management and prevention
  • Explain genetic test reports and its implications towards the individual and family
  • Counselling to assist clients in making informed decisions
  • Support individuals and families in adapting to the risk and the genetic condition
  • Referral to relevant medical professionals and patient support organisations

Create a website or blog at WordPress.com